Excessive salt intake is the main risk factor for hypertension in the population. Hypertension is the leading cause of premature death and disability, and the second cause of disability from noncommunicable diseases such as heart attack, stroke and kidney diseases.
Latin Americans consume much more salt than the 5 grams per day recommended by the World Health Organization. In Argentina, according to the Ministry of Health of the Nation, salt intake per person per day is around 12 gr.
Most of the sodium consumed comes from processed or industrialized foods, and consumers have no involvement or knowledge of the amount of added salt in these products. In our country, it is estimated that between 65% and 70% of the salt consumed comes from such foods.
In this context, individual changes are not enough to reduce salt intake: public health policies that promote equal access to healthy foods and limit the sodium content of processed foods become necessary.
Figures on salt use in Argentina, according to the Ministry of Health:
Reducing daily salt intake in our country by 3gr. would prevent about 6,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease and stroke, and approximately 60,000 events each year.
Download triptych on salt intake (in Spanish)